Including both taxes on government benefits, which tend to be higher in other countries, and the cost of tax subsidies like the deduction for company-provided health insurance, American public spending on social insurance rises to almost 21 percent of G.D.P. That is above the O.E.C.D. average, ahead of Norway and no longer that far behind Denmark.
The proposal would increase policy level spending by $2.4 billion near general fund-state plus opportunity pathways. Given those increases and the maintenance level costs (the costs of continuing current services), the summary estimates that there is a $5.1 billion problem for the biennium. (I-1351 class size reduction and I-732 COLAs are included in maintenance level.)